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Claude Nicollier QUOTES / QUOTATIONS
As far as the radio waves part of the spectrum, we can do these adequately from the ground because the atmosphere is basically transparent to our radio waves.
Quotation of Claude Nicollier
ESA contributed from the beginning in the systems of the Hubble Space Telescope, and of course, in return, the European astronomers receive a similar fraction of observing time on the telescope.
Quotation of Claude Nicollier
He has total knowledge of what has to be done on this EVA, and he has the procedures and all the cameras in his direct view of what's going on. He will be directing the operation.
Quotation of Claude Nicollier
Hubble is very close to my heart, and going back to Hubble, because I was there once already in 1993, is really a great privilege for me.
Quotation of Claude Nicollier
I did a number of runs as a scuba diver when they were doing their practice runs in the large water basin at Marshall Space Flight Center. Right now we do this here at Johnson.
Quotation of Claude Nicollier
I didn't think that, as a Swiss, it was possible to do that, although I was really dreaming to do that. It was an impossible dream.
Quotation of Claude Nicollier
I feel very privileged to be part of this mission, and when my nomination was announced, I was really very, very happy to be selected for this mission.
Quotation of Claude Nicollier
I flew for the first time in 1992, twelve years after I started training here, and I flew three missions so far. So my first dream was to become a pilot, to become an astronomer; I became both.
Quotation of Claude Nicollier
I remember on the first Hubble Space Telescope servicing mission in December '93, this was the first time that we were doing this at a grand scale.
Quotation of Claude Nicollier
I think a benefit is that we try to put it up in a short time. From the decision to do this mission until we fly, it's six months and one week or so, so it's a very short time.
Quotation of Claude Nicollier
I was relatively familiar with the EVA task, but I was, of course, quite familiar, because it was my major responsibility, with the robotic system tasks.
Quotation of Claude Nicollier
I will also be assisting the robotic system operator, on one hand, in the capture of the telescope and the release of the telescope after completion of the repair and maintenance work.
Quotation of Claude Nicollier
I would say the most help I got was from my dad. My dad is a civil engineer in Switzerland; he's 90 years old now, so he's no longer active as a civil engineer, but still a very active person.
Quotation of Claude Nicollier
In a way, what we do is not totally different from some of the tasks that will be performed for the assembly of the International Space Station.
Quotation of Claude Nicollier
In general, the objects in the universe that are very high-energy objects, or the processes that are high-energy processes, will radiate more in the short wavelength range towards the gamma rays or the x-rays.
Quotation of Claude Nicollier
It blocks a good part of the infrared, also. So you have available the whole spectrum of radiation, and finally, we learn about these objects in the universe mainly through the radiation they send us.
Quotation of Claude Nicollier
It is going to be an experiment of how it works, and I see I have all reasons to believe that it will work fine. But it's a short time. And we also have pushed the envelope here a little beyond what has been done in the past.
Quotation of Claude Nicollier
It was really an era of pioneering in aviation, and very few people were becoming pilots and obviously even less, astronauts.
Quotation of Claude Nicollier
It's called Space Telescope European Coordinating Facility, which, by the way, is located at the headquarters of the European Southern Observatory.
Quotation of Claude Nicollier
It's not only us, it's the whole team getting ready for this mission: the whole training team, the flight control team, the support team for the Goddard Space Flight Center, the management team.
Quotation of Claude Nicollier
Later when I started my first step towards becoming a pilot and an astronomer, I could feel very well that I was realizing his dream and that his dream was realized through my activities. He supported me very strongly always.
Quotation of Claude Nicollier
My first dream as a child was to become a pilot. My second dream was to become an astronomer, and I pursued in parallel efforts and studies in these two areas.
Quotation of Claude Nicollier
My influenced me in the sense that I have the feeling that what I wanted to do is what he had wanted to do but could not because, when he was a teenager or in his mid-20s, aviation was at its beginning.
Quotation of Claude Nicollier
My name was on the list very early after these announcements were made through the newspapers in Europe.
Quotation of Claude Nicollier
On one hand, to be able to go from one direction in the sky to study such an object to another direction to study another object, and on the other hand to be able to maintain accurately the position in space.
Quotation of Claude Nicollier
So my two major roles will be, first of all, as an EVA crewmember, and another important role as support to RMS operation or robotic system operations.
Quotation of Claude Nicollier
So we worked together, but once again Jean-Francois has a lot of talent. I'm very impressed with the quality of his work, and I know he will be doing a perfect job on the mission.
Quotation of Claude Nicollier
Some of the scientific instruments are axial instruments, but the Fine Guidance Sensors are in radial position.
Quotation of Claude Nicollier
The atmosphere, on one hand, blocks a lot of the radiation. It blocks all of the gamma rays, the x-rays, the ultraviolet.
Quotation of Claude Nicollier
The benefit of having all the spectrum available is that you get the information from celestial objects through radiation so if you can have access to the full spectrum you get more information.
Quotation of Claude Nicollier
The computer that is presently on board is a relatively old computer that has limited capability in terms of its speed and its memory capacity.
Quotation of Claude Nicollier
The future infrared space telescope will cover that area in a much more efficient manner.
Quotation of Claude Nicollier
The gyroscopes are part of the guidance control system of the Hubble Space Telescope. There are many elements in this control loop for the guidance of Hubble.
Quotation of Claude Nicollier
The Next Generation Space Telescope, which will be located much further away from the Earth than the Hubble Space Telescope presently is, will also explore the infrared part of the spectrum.
Quotation of Claude Nicollier
The objects that are of moderate energy, like our sun or most of the stars that we see in the night sky with the naked eye, are objects in which relatively moderate energy processes are taking place.
Quotation of Claude Nicollier
The spectrum of the studies made with Hubble is very wide. We look at relatively close-by objects like planetary surfaces, and the pictures we get of the surface of Mars, for instance, are really incredible.
Quotation of Claude Nicollier
Then, it became my new dream, and I'm very fortunate that this dream became reality in 1978 when I was selected in the first group of European astronauts.
Quotation of Claude Nicollier
Then, much later, my next dream was to become an astronaut, and I was fortunate to realize that dream, also.
Quotation of Claude Nicollier
They look through the atmosphere, so they suffer from these problems. But they are very large telescopes, and they collect more light than Hubble can collect.
Quotation of Claude Nicollier
This is a great benefit for regular follow-up of what's going on in the atmosphere of these large planets like beyond planet Mars. This is the close part of the studies of the Hubble Space Telescope.
Quotation of Claude Nicollier
This is a guide star. We do this for all three Fine Guidance Sensors, and the telescope always keeps these stars in the same position within these fields at the periphery of the science field, at the center of the instrument.
Quotation of Claude Nicollier
We cannot have a telescope that observes the total spectrum of radiation. So we need to have different instruments to study different parts of the spectrum.
Quotation of Claude Nicollier
We developed already, before the first servicing mission, this has been further developed on the second servicing mission and we refined it this time, all the terminology.
Quotation of Claude Nicollier
We got the news at the end of February this year and early March, when we had the failure of the third out of six gyroscopes in Hubble.
Quotation of Claude Nicollier
We have a certain cleanup task to perform in the cargo bay, which will take about an hour, before we go back in the airlock.
Quotation of Claude Nicollier
We have also gyroscopes that are massive gyroscopes that are used as reaction wheels, against which a telescope reacts in order to change its attitude from one direction to another one.
Quotation of Claude Nicollier
We have several types of gyroscopes on board Hubble, including these Rate Sensor Units that we have to exchange.
Quotation of Claude Nicollier
We have the Fine Guidance Sensors, one of which we will exchange out of three. Another one we changed on the last servicing mission, and on the fourth servicing mission in 2003 or 2004, the third one will be exchanged.
Quotation of Claude Nicollier
We need several elements in order to be able to control the attitude of Hubble. We need gyroscopes, on one hand, which keep constant position in space once they are spinning fast.
Quotation of Claude Nicollier
We'll be doing the next activities as far as maintenance and repair on Hubble in the order of priority, and the next activity will be replacement of the brain of the Hubble Space Telescope, which is the on-board computer.
Quotation of Claude Nicollier
Well, a little bit, but Jean-Francois is so talented that I didn't have to bring him a lot of information because he grasped all of this very rapidly.
Quotation of Claude Nicollier
You can see these boxes which are covered with metal foils for thermal reasons, and they are also, most of the time, thermally controlled inside to keep reasonable temperature inside each of these containers.
Quotation of Claude Nicollier
'You'll have a much better feeling if you have gone up yourself before coming down. This is a lesson that I always kept in myself, and it helped me a lot in all my career steps towards becoming an astronaut.
Quotation of Claude Nicollier